The Archeology Department
The exposition of the archeology department retells the history of our country beginning with the most ancient times till the IX century.
The exhibits fascinate the visitors by their antiquity. Here the one can see the stone lithic flakes that were used 500.000 years ago; the pipe under sounds of which our ancestors conducted the cult rituals 20. 000 years ago; the most ancient tableware that is 7000 years old.
A great deal of interesting exhibits represent the Neolith epoch. The most vivid phenomenon of that time was the Trypillian civilization where a lot of the archeologists recognize the roots of the Ukrainian nation. The one is charmed by the painted trypillian zoomorphic and anthropomorphic ceramics, among which there are the rare objects: the female statuettes “Oranta” and “Madonna and child” that is called the best Eneolith maternity epoch embodiment. The ritual “bread” which reminds our fabulous Ukrainian kolobok, the vessel in the shape of the bullock harness, the trinocl, a symbol of the family (father, mother and the child) do not have the analogues in the archeological cultures of the Old World.
The visitors can examine the treasure of the bronze items from the village of Hrushivka (Ivano-Frankivsk region) – the proof of the local foundry manufacture development during the Bronze Age.
The galvanic copies of the high art standard tell about the greatest golden treasure of the Eastern Europe that is 7.5 kg weight and was found in 1878 at Myhalkiv village (Ternopil region). The treasure is dated back to the VII century BC and belonged to the tribe elite representative.
One’s attention is caught by the Vysotska Culture (X-VII centuries BC): various in form ceramics and rare ritual twin and tee, the figurines of the birds. Interesting is the child’s toy “torohcalce”. A great impact on the ancient Ukrainian history was produced by the Scythians, whose influence was felt even at our land. The one is fascinated by the Scythian bronze mirrors, in front of which the Scythian woman admired their beauty; by the woman adornments and the decorations of the horse trappings; by the akinakt sword.
Among the monuments of the primary centuries of our era one’s eye is feasted by the colored glass goblet produced by the Roman craftsman in IV century and found in Nyzhniy Stryten (Ivano-Frankivsk region) which proves that the local inhabitants had the trade relations with the Roman Danubian province.
The exposition finishes with the materials dedicated to the Slavs of the VI-VIII centuries. At that time the East Slavs lived in Volyn and Upper Podnistrovia, united into the Dulib tribe union which together with the ant union of the Middle Podniprovia formed the ground for the creation of the 1st Ukrainian state – Kyiv Rus.