Fund Group “Furniture”
The visitors of the Historical Museum are attracted by its collection of ancient furniture. The collection of furniture is represented by the items from the 17th – 20th centuries and consists of 387 units.
Artistic furniture, which forms the basis of museum collection, is a kind of a document of its time that holds a lot of valuable information about the era, technical opportunities, social conditions, and nature of people’s livelihood.
The classification of furniture, as a household consumption is made on the basis of its functional purpose: furniture (wardrobes, chests of drawers, cupboards) and seating furniture (benches, sofas, armchairs, chairs, armchairs).
There are approximately170 units at museum collection, which can be attributed to furniture. In particular, they are ancient trunks, so-called “Casson” (the 17th century) that were used for storing clothes, "craft box" (over 30 units), which served as storages for documents, money and other valuables of the craft shops in the 17th – 18th centuries.
Various by its time of creation, form, stylistic features is a collection of cabinets.
One of the most interesting exhibits of the museum is the closet of Gdansk, the 17th century, made of oak, decorated with overhead openwork carving in the form of the garlands and with multiprofile eaves, in the center of which there is a decorative carved cartouche.
Three chests of drawers from the 18th century are of the French work done in the Rococo style. The walls of the chests of drawers are decorated with floral ornament in “marquetry” technique. The exhibits come from the private collections of V. Lozynsky.
The collection includes about 130 units of furniture intended for sitting and lying. These are stools, armchairs, benches.
A great artistic value has the Dutch suite of furniture of the mid-18th century, which consists of 10 items: 8 chairs and 2 armchairs. The suit of furniture is produced due to “marquetry” technique and it is decorated with mother of pearl, the back of the seats are embellished with the floral compositions and the birds and butterflies flying over it.
The museum collection contains a great deal of German peasant chairs from the 17th – 18th centuries that are distinguished by the variety of grotesque ornament. The backs of the chairs are adorned with alto-relievo carving, done with great plastic skills. For easy carrying of a chair there are the through holes in the mascarons.
Various in form, structure, purpose is the collection of benches, sofas, among which the bench of Gdansk (early 17th century) and richly decorated sofa in the baroque style are distinguished.
The collection of the mirrors numbers nearly 30 units, including wall, floor, fireplace, table mirrors.
The fund group "Furniture" includes also the screens, typical attributes of aristocratic salons and bedrooms interiors.
A great interest is caused by the models of furniture made by folk art masters of Ivano-Frankivsk and Lviv regions.
The museum collection of art furniture is of undeniable historical and artistic value. Together with other museum's exhibits art furniture is used in permanent displays.
This is an extremely valuable source for studying the stylistic forms of furniture of various periods, the history of art and material culture of many nations.